Here are the steps on how to change a tire:
- Pull over to a safe location. Find a level spot off the road and turn on your hazard lights. If you’re on the side of the road, put on your reflective safety triangles or flares.
- Get out of your car and chock the wheel diagonally opposite the flat tire. This will prevent your car from rolling while you’re working on it.
- Remove the hubcap, if your car has one.
- Loosen the lug nuts on the flat tire. Use a lug wrench to turn the lug nuts counterclockwise until they’re just loose. Don’t remove them completely yet.
- Locate the jack point on your car. This is usually a stamped metal plate located near the flat tire.
- Place the jack under the car at the jack point. Be sure to position the jack so that it’s level and won’t tip over.
- Jack up the car until the flat tire is about 6 inches off the ground. Be careful not to jack the car up too high, or you could damage the suspension.
- Remove the lug nuts and take off the flat tire.
- Put the spare tire on the car. Line up the holes in the tire with the studs on the hub and then push the tire onto the studs.
- Hand-tighten the lug nuts. Don’t overtighten them yet, or you could damage the wheel studs.
- Lower the car. Once the car is down, use the lug wrench to tighten the lug nuts in a star pattern.
- Remove the jack.
- Put away your tools and get back in your car.
Here are some additional tips for changing a tire:
- Wear safety glasses and gloves to protect yourself from debris.
- If you’re not sure where the jack point is on your car, consult your owner’s manual.
- Be careful not to overtighten the lug nuts, or you could damage the wheel studs.
- Once you’ve changed the tire, drive to a service station to have the flat tire repaired or replaced.